Cholesterol-poly(ethylene) glycol nanocarriers for the transscleral delivery of sirolimus

Elsaid, Naba, Somavarapu, Satyanarayana and Jackson, Timothy L. (2014) Cholesterol-poly(ethylene) glycol nanocarriers for the transscleral delivery of sirolimus. Experimental Eye Research, 121. pp. 121-129. ISSN 1096-0007

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The aim of this study was to prepare and characterize cholesterol-poly(ethylene) glycol (chol-PEG) nanocarriers of two different molecular weights (1 and 5 kDa) and to determine their effect on the transscleral retention and permeation of a lipophilic multi-therapeutic agent, sirolimus (rapamycin), with potential application in angiogenic and immunogenic ocular diseases. Sirolimus-containing nanocarriers were prepared using the thin-film hydration method and characterized for their physicochemical properties including size, drug entrapment (EE) and loading (DL) efficiencies, stability, surface charge, morphology, critical micelle concentration (CMC) and thermal properties. Ussing chambers were used to determine the retention and permeability of sirolimus-containing nanocarriers in porcine sclera followed by ultrastructural tissue examination. Sirolimus-containing nanocarriers had an average size of 11.7 nm (chol-PEG 1 kDa) and 13.8 nm (chol-PEG 5 kDa) and zeta potentials of 0.41 and -1.05, respectively. Both nanocarriers had similar transscleral permeabilities (chol-PEG 1 kDa 6.44 × 10(-7) and 5 kDa 6.16 × 10(-7) cm2 s(-1)), and very high scleral retention compared with a free solution of sirolimus (chol-PEG 1 kDa 16.9 μg/g; chol-PEG 5 kDa 7.48 μg/g; free sirolimus 0.57 μg/g). The DL (EE) for chol-PEG 1 and 5 kDa were 2.93% (77.4%) and 3.10% (81.6%), respectively. The CMC values for the nanocarriers were similar to those previously reported in literature (3.85 × 10(-7) M for chol-PEG 1 kDa; 4.26 × 10(-7) M for chol-PEG 5 kDa). In conclusion, chol-PEG nanocarriers successfully loaded sirolimus and resulted in scleral permeation and high retention, which shows potential utility for the topical delivery of lipophilic ocular drugs.

Item Type: Journal Article
Keywords: ocular, sirolimus, cholesterol poly(ethylene) glycol, sclera, permeation, age-related macular degeneration, rapamycin, micelle
Faculty: ARCHIVED Faculty of Medical Science (until September 2018)
Depositing User: Dr Naba Elsaid
Date Deposited: 20 Dec 2016 09:10
Last Modified: 09 Sep 2021 16:16

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