Oculomotor preparation as a rehearsal mechanism in spatial working memory

Pearson, David G. and Ball, Keira and Smith, Daniel T. (2014) Oculomotor preparation as a rehearsal mechanism in spatial working memory. Cognition, 132 (3). pp. 416-428. ISSN 1873-7838

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Official URL: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cognition.2014.05.006

Abstract

There is little consensus regarding the specific processes responsible for encoding, maintenance, and retrieval of information in visuo-spatial working memory (VSWM). One influential theory is that VSWM may involve activation of the eye-movement (oculomotor) system. In this study we experimentally prevented healthy participants from planning or executing saccadic eye-movements during the encoding, maintenance, and retrieval stages of visual and spatial working memory tasks. Participants experienced a significant reduction in spatial memory span only when oculomotor preparation was prevented during encoding or maintenance. In contrast there was no reduction when oculomotor preparation was prevented only during retrieval. These results show that (a) involvement of the oculomotor system is necessary for optimal maintenance of directly-indicated locations in spatial working memory and (b) oculomotor preparation is not necessary during retrieval from spatial working memory. We propose that this study is the first to unambiguously demonstrate that the oculomotor system contributes to the maintenance of spatial locations in working memory independently from the involvement of covert attention.

Item Type: Journal Article
Keywords: Visual, Spatial, Working memory, Eye movement, Attention, Saccade
Faculty: ARCHIVED Faculty of Science & Technology (until September 2018)
Depositing User: Repository Admin
Date Deposited: 13 Jun 2016 09:42
Last Modified: 14 Nov 2019 16:13
URI: http://arro.anglia.ac.uk/id/eprint/612731

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