Psychometric Properties of the Drive for Muscularity Scale in Malay Men

Swami, Viren and Barron, David and Lau, Poh Li and Jaafar, Jas Laile (2016) Psychometric Properties of the Drive for Muscularity Scale in Malay Men. Body Image, 17. pp. 111-116. ISSN 1873-6807

[img] Text
Accepted Version
Available under the following license: Creative Commons Attribution Non-commercial No Derivatives.

Download (50kB)
Official URL:


The Drive for Muscularity Scale (DMS) is a widely used measure in studies of men’s body image, but few studies have examined its psychometric properties outside English-speaking samples. Here, we assessed the factor structure of a Malay translation of the DMS. A community sample of 159 Malay men from Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia, completed the DMS, along with measures of self-esteem, body appreciation, and muscle discrepancy. Exploratory factor analysis led to the extraction of two factors, differentiating attitudes from behaviours, which mirrors the parent scale. Both factors also loaded on to a higher-order drive for muscularity factor. The subscales of the Malay DMS had adequate internal consistencies and good convergent validity, insofar as significant relationships were reported with self-esteem, body appreciation, muscle discrepancy, and body mass index. These results indicate that the Malay DMS has acceptable psychometric properties and can be used to assess body image concerns in Malay men.

Item Type: Journal Article
Keywords: Drive for muscularity, Men's body image, Psychometric properties, Malaysia, Translation
Faculty: ARCHIVED Faculty of Science & Technology (until September 2018)
Depositing User: Repository Admin
Date Deposited: 26 Apr 2016 12:56
Last Modified: 09 Sep 2021 19:00

Actions (login required)

Edit Item Edit Item