Self-rated eyesight and handgrip strength in older adults

Smith, Lee and Allen, Peter M. and Pardhan, Shahina and Gorely, Trish and Grabovac, Igor and Smith, Annetta and López Sánchez, Guillermo F. and Yang, Lin and Jackson, Sarah E. (2020) Self-rated eyesight and handgrip strength in older adults. Wiener Klinische Wochenschrift: The Central European Journal of Medicine. ISSN 1613-7671

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Official URL: https://doi.org/10.1007/s00508-019-01597-6

Abstract

Background: The aim of this study was to investigate the association between self-rated eyesight and handgrip strength in a large, representative population of older adults. Methods: Data were from 7433 older adults (≥52 years) participating in the English Longitudinal Study of Ageing. Linear regression was used to analyze the association between self-rated eyesight and handgrip strength cross-sectionally in 2004/2005, and longitudinally over 4‑year follow-up, adjusting for a range of sociodemographic and health-related variables. Results: In cross-sectional and prospective models, poor eyesight was strongly associated with lower handgrip strength after adjustment for age, sex, ethnicity, socioeconomic status and body mass index (BMI, cross-sectional B = −1.39 kg, 95% confidence interval, CI −1.84 to −0.94, p < 0.001, prospective B = −0.68 kg, 95% CI −1.14 to −0.22, p = 0.004). The association was attenuated but remained statistically significant when health behaviours were included in the model (cross-sectional B = −0.93 kg, 95% CI −1.42 to −0.44, p < 0.001, prospective B = −0.50, 95% CI −0.99 to −0.02, p = 0.044). Conclusion: Older adults in England with poor self-rated eyesight have lower levels of physical function compared with those with good eyesight. This association can be predominantly explained by differences in age, sex, ethnicity, socioeconomic status, BMI, and health behaviours, as well as chronic conditions, disability and depression.

Item Type: Journal Article
Keywords: Vision, Handgrip strength, Older adults, ELSA, Retinopathy, Elderly, Epidemiology, Physical function
Faculty: Faculty of Science & Engineering
SWORD Depositor: Symplectic User
Depositing User: Symplectic User
Date Deposited: 10 Dec 2019 11:48
Last Modified: 15 Jan 2020 15:53
URI: http://arro.anglia.ac.uk/id/eprint/705031

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