Factors that increase risk of falling in older men according to four different clinical methods

Dokuzlar, Ozge and Koc Okudur, Saadet and Soysal, Pinar and Kocyigit, Suleyman E. and Yavuz, Idil and Smith, Lee and Ates Bulut, Esra and Isik, Ahmet T. (2019) Factors that increase risk of falling in older men according to four different clinical methods. Experimental Aging Research. ISSN 1096-4657

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Official URL: https://doi.org/10.1080/0361073X.2019.1669284

Abstract

Background: Falling is an important health problem for older men. In this study, we aim to identify factors that increase risk of falling in only older men using four different fall risk assessment methods. Method: 334 men, who attended a geriatric outpatient clinic and underwent comprehensive geriatric assessment, were included in the study. History of falling last year, the Timed Up and Go test, Performance-Oriented Mobility Assessment, and 4-meter walking speed test were carried out on all patients. Results: The mean age (SD) of patients were 74.99 (7.26) years. According to all of the four clinical assessments to predict risk of falling the following risk factors for falling were identified (all p<0.05): cerebrovascular disease, urinary incontinence, dizziness and imbalance, high Geriatric Depression Scale (GDS) scores, low Mini-Mental State Examination (MMSE), and The Lawton-Brody Instrumental Daily Living Activity Scale (IADL) and Barthel index (BI) for daily living activities scores, Significant correlations were found between all the assessment methods (p<0.001). Conclusion: There is a strong relationship between fall risk and cerebrovascular disease, urinary incontinence, dizziness and imbalance, high GDS scores, low MMSE, BADL and IADL scores in older men. Therefore, older men should be screened for these risk factors to prevent falls.

Item Type: Journal Article
Keywords: Falls, Geriatric assessment, Men, Older adults, Risk factors
Faculty: Faculty of Science & Engineering
SWORD Depositor: Symplectic User
Depositing User: Symplectic User
Date Deposited: 17 Sep 2019 08:26
Last Modified: 14 Nov 2019 16:07
URI: http://arro.anglia.ac.uk/id/eprint/704764

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