Attentional Control in Bilingualism: An Exploration of the Effects of Trait Anxiety and Rumination on Inhibition

Ouzia, Julia and Bright, Peter and Filippi, Roberto (2019) Attentional Control in Bilingualism: An Exploration of the Effects of Trait Anxiety and Rumination on Inhibition. Behavioral Sciences, 9 (8). p. 89. ISSN 2076-328X

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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/bs9080089

Abstract

Bilingual individuals have been reported to show enhanced executive function in comparison to monolingual peers. However, the role of adverse emotional traits such as trait anxiety and rumination in bilingual cognitive control has not been established. Attentional Control Theory holds that anxiety disproportionately impacts processing efficiency (typically measured via reaction time) in comparison to accuracy (performance effectiveness). We administered eye tracking and behavioural measures of inhibition to young, healthy monolingual and highly proficient bilingual adults. We found that trait anxiety was a reliable risk factor for decreased inhibitory control accuracy in bilingual but not monolingual participants. These findings, therefore, indicate that adverse emotional traits may differentially modulate performance in monolingual and bilingual individuals, an interpretation which has implications both for ACT and future research on bilingual cognition.

Item Type: Journal Article
Keywords: Attentional Control Theory, bilingualism, executive function, eye tracking, inhibitory control, rumination, trait anxiety
Faculty: Faculty of Science & Engineering
SWORD Depositor: Symplectic User
Depositing User: Symplectic User
Date Deposited: 04 Sep 2019 14:50
Last Modified: 14 Nov 2019 16:07
URI: http://arro.anglia.ac.uk/id/eprint/704704

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