The Nature of Positive Body Image: Examining Associations between Nature Exposure, Self-Compassion, Functionality Appreciation, and Body Appreciation

Swami, Viren and Barron, David and Hari, Ranjeev and Grover, Simmy and Smith, Lee and Furnham, Adrian (2019) The Nature of Positive Body Image: Examining Associations between Nature Exposure, Self-Compassion, Functionality Appreciation, and Body Appreciation. Ecopsychology. ISSN 1942-9347

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Official URL: https://doi.org/10.1089/eco.2019.0019

Abstract

Previous studies have shown that exposure to natural environments is associated with positive body image, but mechanistic pathways are not fully understood. Here, we tested one possible pathway, namely with self-compassion as a mediator of the effects of nature exposure on positive body image. A British sample of 225 women and 229 men completed measures of positive body image (body appreciation, functionality appreciation), nature exposure, and three facets of self-compassion (Self-Kindness, Common Humanity, Mindfulness). Path analysis indicated that there were significant direct paths from nature exposure to both body appreciation and functionality appreciation, with the latter also additionally mediating the effects of nature exposure on body appreciation. In addition, two facets of self-compassion (Self-Kindness and Common Humanity, but not Mindfulness) mediated the relationships between nature exposure and body appreciation and functionality appreciation, respectively. These findings lend support to calls for everyone to have easy access to natural environments.

Item Type: Journal Article
Keywords: Nature exposure, Positive body image, Body appreciation, Self-compassion, Functionality appreciation
Faculty: Faculty of Science & Engineering
SWORD Depositor: Symplectic User
Depositing User: Symplectic User
Date Deposited: 07 Jun 2019 11:30
Last Modified: 14 Nov 2019 16:07
URI: http://arro.anglia.ac.uk/id/eprint/704390

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