A Biomechanical Comparison of Intralaminar C7 Screw Constructs with and without Offset Connector Used for C6-7 Cervical Spine Immobilization : A Finite Element Study

Qasim, Muhammad and Hong, Jae Taek and Natarajan, Raghu N. and An, Howard S. (2013) A Biomechanical Comparison of Intralaminar C7 Screw Constructs with and without Offset Connector Used for C6-7 Cervical Spine Immobilization : A Finite Element Study. Journal of Korean Neurosurgical Society, 53 (6). p. 331. ISSN 1598-7876

[img]
Preview
Text
Published Version
Available under the following license: Creative Commons Attribution Non-commercial No Derivatives.

Download (1MB) | Preview
Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.3340/jkns.2013.53.6.331

Abstract

Objective: The offset connector can allow medial and lateral variability and facilitate intralaminar screw incorporation into the construct. The aim of this study was to compare the biomechanical characteristics of C7 intralaminar screw constructs with and without offset connector using a three dimensional finite element model of a C6-7 cervical spine segment. Methods: Finite element models representing C7 intralaminar screw constructs with and without the offset connector were developed. Range of motion (ROM) and maximum von Mises stresses in the vertebra for the two techniques were compared under pure moments in flexion, extension, lateral bending and axial rotation. Results: ROM for intralaminar screw construct with offset connector was less than the construct without the offset connector in the three principal directions. The maximum von Misses stress was observed in the C7 vertebra around the pedicle in both constructs. Maximum von Mises stress in the construct without offset connector was found to be 12-30% higher than the corresponding stresses in the construct with offset connector in the three principal directions. Conclusion: This study demonstrated that the intralaminar screw fixation with offset connector is better than the construct without offset connector in terms of biomechanical stability. Construct with the offset connector reduces the ROM of C6-7 segment more significantly compared to the construct without the offset connector and causes lower stresses around the C7 pedicle-vertebral body complex.

Item Type: Journal Article
Keywords: Cervical spine, Intralaminar screw, Finite element method, Biomechanics, Mechanical-properties, Intervertebral disc, Computed-tomography, Posterior screw, Laminar screws, Fixation, Pedicle, Placement, Accuracy, Ligaments
Faculty: Faculty of Science & Technology
SWORD Depositor: Symplectic User
Depositing User: Symplectic User
Date Deposited: 27 Mar 2019 16:01
Last Modified: 27 Mar 2019 16:01
URI: http://arro.anglia.ac.uk/id/eprint/704210

Actions (login required)

Edit Item Edit Item