A Biomechanical Comparison of Three Different Posterior Fixation Constructs Used for C6–C7 Cervical Spine Immobilization: A Finite Element Study

Hong, Jae Taek and Qasim, Muhammad and Espinoza Orías, Alejandro A. and Natarajan, Raghu N. and An, Howard S. (2014) A Biomechanical Comparison of Three Different Posterior Fixation Constructs Used for C6–C7 Cervical Spine Immobilization: A Finite Element Study. Neurologia Medico Chirurgica, 54 (9). pp. 727-735. ISSN 1349-8029

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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.2176/nmc.oa.2013-0004

Abstract

The intralaminar screw construct has been recently introduced in C6–C7 fixation. The aim of the study is to compare the stability afforded by three different C7 posterior fixation techniques using a three-dimensional fnite element model of a C6–C7 cervical spine motion segment. Finite element models representing three different cervical anchor types (C7 intralaminar screw, C7 lateral mass screw, and C7 pedicle screw) were developed. Range of motion (ROM) and maximum von Mises stresses in the vertebra for the three screw techniques were compared under pure moments in fexion, extension, lateral bending, and axial rotation. ROM for pedicle screw construct was less than the lateral mass screw construct and intrala-minar screw construct in the three principal directions. The maximum von Misses stress was observed in the C7 vertebra around the pedicle in all the three screw constructs. Maximum von Mises stress in pedicle screw construct was less than the lateral mass screw construct and intralaminar screw construct in all loading modes. This study demonstrated that the pedicle screw fixation is the strongest instrumentation method for C6–C7 fixation. Pedicle screw fixation resulted in least stresses around the C7 pedicle-vertebral body complex. However, if pedicle fixation is not favorable, the laminar screw can be a better option compared to the lateral mass screw because the stress around the pedicle-vertebral body complex and ROM predicted for laminar screw construct was smaller than those of lateral mass screw construct.

Item Type: Journal Article
Keywords: cervical spine, pedicle screw, laminar screw, lateral mass screw, finite element method, biomechanics, computed-tomography, mechanical-properties, intervertebral disc, technical note, accuracy, ligaments, insertion, segment
Faculty: Faculty of Science & Technology
SWORD Depositor: Symplectic User
Depositing User: Symplectic User
Date Deposited: 27 Mar 2019 16:06
Last Modified: 27 Mar 2019 16:06
URI: http://arro.anglia.ac.uk/id/eprint/704209

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