Psychometric properties of the modified Yale Food Addiction Scale 2.0 in a large Brazilian sample

Nunes-Neto, Paulo R. and Köhler, Cristiano A. and Schuch, Felipe B. and Quevedo, João and Solmi, Marco and Murru, Andrea and Vieta, Eduard and Maes, Michael and Stubbs, Brendon and Carvalho, André F. (2018) Psychometric properties of the modified Yale Food Addiction Scale 2.0 in a large Brazilian sample. Brazilian Journal of Psychiatry, 40 (4). pp. 444-448. ISSN 1809-452X

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Official URL: https://doi.org/10.1590/1516-4446-2017-2432

Abstract

Objective: The field of food addiction has attracted growing research attention. The modified Yale Food Addiction Scale 2.0 (mYFAS 2.0) is a screening tool based on DSM-5 criteria for substance use disorders. However, there is no validated instrument to assess food addiction. Methods: The mYFAS 2.0 has been transculturally adapted to Brazilian Portuguese. The data for this study was obtained through an anonymous web-based research platform: participants provided socio- demographic data and answered Brazilian versions of the the mYFAS 2.0 and the Barratt Impulsivity Scale (BIS-11). Analysis included an assessment of the Brazilian mYFAS 2.0’s internal consistency reliability, factor structure, and convergent validity in relation to BIS-11 scores. Results: Overall, 7,639 participants were included (71.3% females; age: 27.2 6 7.9 years). The Brazilian mYFAS 2.0 had adequate internal consistency reliability (Cronbach’s alpha = 0.89). A single factor solution yielded the best goodness-of-fit parameters for both the continuous and categorical version of the mYFAS 2.0 in confirmatory factor analysis. In addition, mYFAS 2.0 correlated with BIS-11 total scores (Spearman’s rho = 0.26, p o 0.001) and subscores. Conclusion: The Brazilian mYFAS 2.0 demonstrated adequate psychometric properties in our sample; however, future studies should further evaluate its discriminant validity.

Item Type: Journal Article
Keywords: Food addiction, obesity, validation, Yale Food addiction scale, behavioral addiction, psychiatry
Faculty: ARCHIVED Faculty of Health, Social Care & Education (until September 2018)
Depositing User: Lisa Blanshard
Date Deposited: 23 Oct 2018 14:09
Last Modified: 14 Nov 2019 16:09
URI: http://arro.anglia.ac.uk/id/eprint/703730

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