European universities seeking entrepreneurial paths: the moderating effect of contextual variables on the entrepreneurial orientation-performance relationship

Riviezzo, Angelo and Santos, Susana C. and Liñán, Francisco and Napolitano, Maria R. and Fusco, Floriana (2019) European universities seeking entrepreneurial paths: the moderating effect of contextual variables on the entrepreneurial orientation-performance relationship. Technological Forecasting and Social Change, 141. pp. 232-248. ISSN 0040-1625

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Official URL: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.techfore.2018.10.011

Abstract

This study explores the relationship between the entrepreneurial orientation of university departments and their entrepreneurial performance, in terms of academic entrepreneurship (spin-offs) and knowledge transfer (patents) outcomes. Moreover, we investigate how internal and external contextual variables interact in this relation. Using survey data from 294 heads of university departments in four different European countries (Italy, Spain, UK and Portugal), we found that entrepreneurial orientation is positively related to the number of spin-offs generated and that this relation is positively moderated by the departments’ age and size, as well as the country GDP per capita and R&D expenditure. Surprisingly, entrepreneurial orientation is negatively associated with the number of patents. We further explore the moderating role of contextual variables, discussing our results.

Item Type: Journal Article
Keywords: Entrepreneurial universities, entrepreneurial orientation, spin-offs, patents, contextual variables, European countries
Faculty: Faculty of Business & Law
Depositing User: Prof. Francisco Liñán
Date Deposited: 19 Oct 2018 15:04
Last Modified: 14 Nov 2019 16:08
URI: http://arro.anglia.ac.uk/id/eprint/703704

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