Polymorphisms in the canine IL7R 3′UTR are associated with thymic output in Labrador retriever dogs and influence post-transcriptional regulation by microRNA 185

Holder, Angela and Jones, Gareth and Soutter, Francesca and Palmer, Donald B. and Aspinall, Richard and Catchpole, Brian (2018) Polymorphisms in the canine IL7R 3′UTR are associated with thymic output in Labrador retriever dogs and influence post-transcriptional regulation by microRNA 185. Developmental & Comparative Immunology, 81. pp. 244-251. ISSN 1879-0089

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Official URL: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.dci.2017.12.008

Abstract

Interleukin-7 (IL-7) and its receptor (IL-7R) are essential for T cell development in the thymus, and changes in the IL-7/IL-7R pathway have been implicated in age-associated thymic involution which results in a reduction of naïve T cell output. The aim of this study was to investigate the relationship between IL7 and IL7R genetic variation and thymic output in dogs. No single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) were identified in the canine IL7 gene, but a number were present in the canine IL7R gene. Polymorphisms in the IL7R exon 8 and 3′UTR were found to be associated with signal joint T cell receptor excision circle (sj-TREC) values (a biomarker of thymic output) in young and geriatric Labrador retrievers. Additionally, one of the SNPs in the IL7R 3′UTR (SNP 14 c.1371 + 446 A > C) was found to cause a change in the seed-binding site for microRNA 185 which, a luciferase reporter assay demonstrated, caused changes in post-transcriptional regulation, and therefore might be capable of influencing IL-7R expression. The research findings suggest a genetic link between IL7R genotype and thymic output in dogs, which might impact on immune function as these animals age and provide further evidence of the involvement of IL-7/IL-7R pathway in age-associated thymic involution.

Item Type: Journal Article
Keywords: Interleukin-7 receptor, Thymic involution, Signal joint T cell receptor excision circle, Canine
Faculty: Faculty of Science & Technology
Depositing User: Lisa Blanshard
Date Deposited: 21 May 2018 15:54
Last Modified: 21 May 2018 15:54
URI: http://arro.anglia.ac.uk/id/eprint/703045

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