Understanding the role of adenosine receptors in the myofibroblast transformation in Peyronie’s disease

Mateus, Marta and Ilg, Marcus M. and Stebbeds, William J. and Christopher, Nim and Muneer, Asif and Ralph, David J and Cellek, Selim (2018) Understanding the role of adenosine receptors in the myofibroblast transformation in Peyronie’s disease. Journal of Sexual Medicine, 15 (7). pp. 947-957. ISSN 1743-6109

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Official URL: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jsxm.2018.05.003

Abstract

Background: Peyronie’s disease (PD) is a chronic fibrotic disease of the penis affecting a significant number of men worldwide without effective medical treatments. Myofibroblasts are pivotal in the pathogenesis of PD. Adenosine and adenosine receptors have been suggested to be involved in the pathophysiology of fibrosis. Aim: To understand the role of adenosine receptors in myofibroblast transformation in PD. Methods: Fibroblasts were isolated from the non-PD tunica albuginea (TA) tissue and PD plaque tissue and were transformed into myofibroblasts using transforming growth factor β1 (TGF-β1). Quantification of alpha smooth muscle actin (α-SMA) and adenosine receptors (ADORA1, ADORA2A, ADORA2B and ADORA3) was performed using immunocytochemistry (ICC), In-Cell ELISA (ICE) and real-time RT-PCR (RT-qPCR). The effect of various adenosine receptor agonists or antagonists on TGF-β1-induced myofibroblast transformation was measured using ICE. Outcomes: Expression of adenosine receptors in myofibroblasts obtained from human TA and the effect of adenosine receptor ligands on myofibroblast transformation. Results: ICC, ICE and RT-qPCR experiments showed that the protein and mRNA levels of α-SMA in non- PD TA cells and PD plaque-derived cells were significantly higher in cells exposed to TGF-β1 than those not treated with TGF-β1. Two of four adenosine receptors (ADORA1 and ADORA2B) were found to be expressed in both cell populations. Among various adenosine receptor agonists/antagonist investigated, only ADORA2B agonist, BAY60-6583, significantly inhibited myofibroblast transformation in a concentration-dependent manner when applied simultaneously with TGF-β1 (IC50=30 μM). Clinical Translation: ADORA2B antagonists may be clinically efficacious in early stage PD. Strengths & Limitations: The strength of this study is the use of primary fibroblasts from human TA. Limitation of the study is the high concentrations of the ligands used. Conclusions: The effect of an ADORA2B agonist on TGF-β1-induced myofibroblast transformation shows a novel potential therapeutic target for PD if applied during early, non-stable phase of PD.

Item Type: Journal Article
Keywords: Fibrosis, Transforming Growth Factor, Anti-Fibrotic Therapies, Fibroblast, Cell Culture
Faculty: Faculty of Medical Science
Depositing User: Prof Selim Cellek
Date Deposited: 14 May 2018 14:25
Last Modified: 08 Jun 2019 01:02
URI: http://arro.anglia.ac.uk/id/eprint/703014

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