Factor Structure and Psychometric Properties of a Romanian Translation of the Drive for Muscularity Scale (DMS) in University Men

Swami, Viren and Vintila, Mona and Tudorel, Otilia and Goian, Cosmin and Barron, David (2018) Factor Structure and Psychometric Properties of a Romanian Translation of the Drive for Muscularity Scale (DMS) in University Men. Body Image, 25. pp. 48-55. ISSN 1873-6807

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Official URL: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.bodyim.2018.02.004

Abstract

We examined the psychometric properties of a Romanian translation of the 15-item Drive for Muscularity Scale (DMS). Male university students from Romania (N = 343) completed the DMS, as well as measures of self-esteem, body appreciation, and muscle discrepancy. Exploratory factor analysis indicated that DMS scores reduced to two factors that related to muscularity-oriented attitudes and behaviours, with both first-order factors loading onto a higher-order factor. However, confirmatory factor analysis indicated that a model with two first-order factors and a higher-order factor had poor fit. A two-factor model without a higher-order construct achieved acceptable but mediocre fit. Scores on the two-factor DMS model had adequate internal consistency and demonstrated acceptable convergent validity (significant correlations with self-esteem, body appreciation, and muscle discrepancy). These results provide support for a two-factor model of DMS scores in a Romanian-speaking sample and extends the availability of the DMS to a rarely-examined linguistic group.

Item Type: Journal Article
Keywords: Drive for muscularity, Body image, Psychometrics, Romanian, University men
Faculty: Faculty of Science & Technology
Depositing User: Viren Swami
Date Deposited: 15 Feb 2018 10:34
Last Modified: 06 Dec 2018 10:54
URI: http://arro.anglia.ac.uk/id/eprint/702736

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