Clinical and prognostic relationships of pulmonary artery to aorta diameter ratio in patients with heart failure: a cardiac magnetic resonance imaging study

Pellicori, Pierpaolo and Urbinati, Alessia and Zhang, Jufen and Joseph, Anil C. and Costanzo, Pierluigi and Lukaschuk, Elena and Capucci, Alessandro and Cleland, John G. F. and Clark, Andrew L. (2018) Clinical and prognostic relationships of pulmonary artery to aorta diameter ratio in patients with heart failure: a cardiac magnetic resonance imaging study. Clinical Cardiology, 41 (1). pp. 20-27. ISSN 1932-8737

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Official URL: https://doi.org/10.1002/clc.22840

Abstract

Background: The pulmonary artery (PA) distends as pressure increases. Hypothesis: The ratio of PA to aortic (Ao) diameter may be an indicator of pulmonary hypertension and consequently carry prognostic information in patients with chronic heart failure (HF). Methods: Patients with chronic HF and control subjects undergoing cardiac magnetic resonance imaging were evaluated. The main PA diameter and the transverse axial Ao diameter at the level of bifurcation of the main PA were measured. The maximum diameter of both vessels was measured throughout the cardiac cycle and the PA/Ao ratio was calculated. Results: A total of 384 patients (mean age, 69 years; mean left ventricular ejection fraction, 40%; median NT-proBNP, 1010 ng/L [interquartile range, 448–2262 ng/L]) and 38 controls were included. Controls and patients with chronic HF had similar maximum Ao and PA diameters and PA/Ao ratio. During a median follow-up of 1759 days (interquartile range, 998–2269 days), 181 patients with HF were hospitalized for HF or died. Neither PA diameter nor PA/Ao ratio predicted outcome in univariable analysis. In a multivariable model, only age and NT-proBNP were independent predictors of adverse events. Conclusions: The PA/Ao ratio is not a useful method to stratify prognosis in patients with HF.

Item Type: Journal Article
Additional Information: This is the pre-peer reviewed version which has been published in final form at: https://doi.org/10.1002/clc.22840. This article may be used for non-commercial purposes in accordance with Wiley Terms and Conditions for Self-Archiving
Keywords: Aortic Diameter, Cardiac MRI, Heart Failure
Faculty: ARCHIVED Faculty of Medical Science (until September 2018)
Depositing User: Ian Walker
Date Deposited: 24 Jan 2018 11:40
Last Modified: 14 Nov 2019 16:10
URI: http://arro.anglia.ac.uk/id/eprint/702666

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