Accelerometer-assessed light physical activity is protective of future cognitive ability: A longitudinal study among community dwelling older adults

Stubbs, Brendon and Chen, Li-Jung and Chang, Chun-Yi and Sun, Wen-Jung and Ku, Po-Wen (2017) Accelerometer-assessed light physical activity is protective of future cognitive ability: A longitudinal study among community dwelling older adults. Experimental Gerontology, 91. pp. 104-109. ISSN 1873-6815

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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.exger.2017.03.003

Abstract

OBJECTIVE: Physical activity (PA), especially moderate-to-vigorous intensity, could protect older adults from cognitive impairment. However, most literature is based on self-reported PA which is limited by recall bias. Light PA is popular among older adults, but a paucity of objective longitudinal data has considered the relationship between light PA and cognitive ability. We examined if a higher level of objectively measured light PA, independent of moderate-to-vigorous physical activity (MVPA), was prospectively associated with better cognitive ability in older adults. METHODS: A longitudinal study over 22.12 (±1.46) months including 274 community-dwelling older adults across 14 regions in Taiwan was undertaken. Cognitive ability was obtained using a Chinese version of the Ascertain Dementia 8-item Questionnaire (AD8) and light PA and MVPA captured by 7days accelerometer positioned on waist. Multivariable negative binomial regression adjusted for confounders were undertaken. RESULTS: 274 participants (74.52years, 45.6% male) attended the follow-up (96.1%). Higher light PA, independent from MVPA, was associated with a reduced rate of decline in cognitive ability (rate ratio 0.75 [0.60-0.92]). MVPA, was also associated with a reduced decline in cognitive ability (rate ratio 0.85 [0.75-0.95]). Light PA was protective of cognitive ability in sensitivity analyses removing participants with activities of daily living difficulties, depressive symptoms and cognitive impairment at baseline. CONCLUSION: Our data suggest that light PA may offer a protective influence of future cognitive ability in community dwelling older adults. The promotion of light PA may be a valuable means to maintain cognitive ability in older age.

Item Type: Journal Article
Keywords: Cognitive decline, Dementia, Light physical activity, Moderate to vigorous physical activity, Older adults, Old age, Cognition
Faculty: Faculty of Health, Social Care & Education (for research post September 2011)
Depositing User: Brendon Stubbs
Date Deposited: 14 Mar 2017 10:09
Last Modified: 08 Jan 2019 10:53
URI: http://arro.anglia.ac.uk/id/eprint/701567

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