An examination of the factorial and convergent validity of four measures of conspiracist ideation, with recommendations for researchers

Swami, Viren and Barron, David and Weis, Laura and Voracek, Martin and Stieger, Stefan and Furnham, Adrian (2017) An examination of the factorial and convergent validity of four measures of conspiracist ideation, with recommendations for researchers. PLOS ONE, 12 (2). e0172617. ISSN 1932-6203

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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0172617

Abstract

A number scales have been developed to measure conspiracist ideation, but little attention has been paid to the factorial validity of these scales. We reassessed the psychometric properties of four widely-used scales, namely the Belief in Conspiracy Theories Inventory (BCTI), the Conspiracy Mentality Questionnaire (CMQ), the Generic Conspiracist Beliefs Scale (GCBS), and the One-Item Conspiracy Measure (OICM). Eight-hundred-and-three U. S. adults completed all measures, along with measures of endorsement of 9/11 and anti- vaccination conspiracy theories. Through both exploratory and confirmatory factor analysis, we found that only the BCTI had acceptable factorial validity. We failed to confirm the factor structures of the CMQ and the GBCS, suggesting these measures had poor factorial valid- ity. Indices of convergent validity were acceptable for the BCTI, but weaker for the other measures. Based on these findings, we provide suggestions for the future refinement in the measurement of conspiracist ideation.

Item Type: Journal Article
Keywords: Conspiracy theories, Psychometrics
Faculty: Faculty of Science & Technology
Depositing User: Viren Swami
Date Deposited: 24 Feb 2017 16:04
Last Modified: 02 Nov 2018 10:45
URI: http://arro.anglia.ac.uk/id/eprint/701534

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