Social representation of “loud music” in young adults: A cross-cultural study

Manchaiah, Vinaya and Zhao, Fei and Widen, Stephen and Auzenne, Jasmine and Beukes, Eldré W. and Ahmadi, Tayebeh and Tome, David and Mahadeva, Deephi and Krishna, Rajalakshmi and Germundsson, Per (2017) Social representation of “loud music” in young adults: A cross-cultural study. Journal of the American Academy of Audiology, 28 (6). pp. 522-533. ISSN 2157-3107

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Official URL: https://doi.org/10.3766/jaaa.16046

Abstract

Background: Exposure to recreational noise, particularly music exposure, is considered one of the biggest public health hazards of our time. Some important influencing factors such as socioeconomic status, educational background, and cross-cultural perspectives have previously been found to be associated with attitudes toward loud music and the use of hearing protection. Although culture seems to play an important role, there is relatively little known about how it influences perceptions regarding loud music exposure in young adults. Purpose: The present study was aimed to explore cross-cultural perceptions of and reactions to loud music in young adults (18‐25 yr) using the theory of social representations. Research Design:The study used a cross-sectional survey design. Study Sample: The study sample included young adults (n = 534) from five different countries (India, Iran, Portugal, the United States, and the United Kingdom) who were recruited using convenience sampling. Data Collection and Analysis: Data were collected using a questionnaire. Data were analyzed using a content analysis, co-occurrence analysis, and also χ2 analysis. Results: Fairly equal numbers of positive and negative connotations (∼40%) were noted in all countries. However, the χ2 analysis showed significant differences between the countries (most positive connotations were found in India and Iran, whereas the most negative connotations were found in the United Kingdom and Portugal) regarding the informants’ perception of loud music. The co-occurrence analysis results generally indicate that the category “negative emotions and actions” occurred most frequently, immediately followed by the category “positive emotions and actions.” The other most frequently occurring categories included “acoustics,” “physical aliment,” “location,” and “ear and hearing problems.” These six categories formed the central nodes of the social representation of loud music exposure in the global index. Although some similarities and differences were noted among the social representations toward loud music among countries, it is noteworthy that more similarities than differences were noted among countries. Conclusions: The study results suggest that “loud music” is perceived to have both positive and negative aspects within society and culture. We suggest that the health promotion strategies should focus on changing societal norms and regulations to be more effective in decreasing the noise- and/or music-induced auditory symptoms among young adults.

Item Type: Journal Article
Keywords: attitude, cross-culture, hearing loss, music listening, public health hazard, social perception, social representation, text mining
Faculty: Faculty of Science & Technology
Depositing User: Unnamed user with email eldre.beukes@anglia.ac.uk
Date Deposited: 15 Aug 2017 08:39
Last Modified: 15 Aug 2017 09:28
URI: http://arro.anglia.ac.uk/id/eprint/702087

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