A systematic review on the relations between pasta consumption and cardio-metabolic risk factors

Huang, M and Li, J and Ha, Marie-Ann and Riccardi, G and Liu, Simin (2017) A systematic review on the relations between pasta consumption and cardio-metabolic risk factors. Nutrition, Metabolism and Cardiovascular Diseases. ISSN 1590-3729

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Official URL: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.numecd.2017.07.005

Abstract

Aims: The traditional Italian dish pasta is major food source of starch with low glycemic index (GI), and also an important low-GI component of the Mediterranean diet. This systematic review aimed at assessing comprehensively and in-depth the potential benefit of pasta on cardio-metabolic disease risk factors. Data Synthesis: Following a standard protocol, we conducted a systematic literature search of PubMed, CINAHL, and Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, for prospective cohort studies and randomized controlled dietary intervention trials that examined pasta, and pasta-related fiber and grain intake in relation to cardio-metabolic risk factors of interest. Studies evaluating postprandial glucose response to pasta compared to bread or potato were quantitatively summarized using meta-analysis of standardized mean difference. Evidence from studies with pasta as part of low-GI dietary intervention and studies investigating different types of pasta were qualitatively summarized. Conclusions: Pasta meals have significant lower postprandial glucose response compared to bread or potato meals, but evidence was lacking in terms of how the intake of pasta can influence cardio-metabolic disease risk. More long-term randomized controlled trials are needed where investigators directly contrast the cardio-metabolic effects of pasta and bread or potato. Long-term prospective cohort studies with required data available should also be analyzed regarding the effect of pasta intake on disease endpoints

Item Type: Journal Article
Keywords: nutrition, pasta, carbohydrate, risk factor, type 2 diabetes, cardiovascular disease
Faculty: Faculty of Medical Science
Depositing User: Unnamed user with email Marie-Ann.Ha@anglia.ac.uk
Date Deposited: 28 Jul 2017 13:32
Last Modified: 28 Jul 2017 13:32
URI: http://arro.anglia.ac.uk/id/eprint/702038

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