A bilingual disadvantage in metacognitive processing

Folke, Tomas and Ouzia, Julia and Bright, Peter and De Martino, Benedetto and Filippi, Roberto (2016) A bilingual disadvantage in metacognitive processing. Cognition, 150. pp. 119-132. ISSN 1873-7838

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Official URL: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cognition.2016.02.008

Abstract

Recent research indicating that bilingualism is associated with enhanced executive function suggests that this enhancement may operate within a broader spectrum of cognitive abilities than previously thought (e.g., Stocco & Prat, 2014). In this study, we focus on metacognition or the ability to evaluate one’s own cognitive performance (Flavell, 1979). Over the course of two experiments, we presented young healthy adult monolinguals and bilinguals with a perceptual two alternative-forced-choice task followed by confidence judgements. Results from both experiments indicated that bilingual participants showed a disadvantage in metacognitive efficiency, determined through the calculation of Mratio (Maniscalco & Lau, 2014). Our findings provide novel insight into the potential differences in bilingual and monolingual cognition, which may indicate a bilingual disadvantage. Results are discussed with reference to the balance of advantages versus disadvantages associated with multilanguage learning.

Item Type: Journal Article
Keywords: bilingualism, metacognition, Mratio, bilingual advantage
Faculty: Faculty of Science & Technology
Depositing User: Professor Peter Bright
Date Deposited: 28 Jul 2017 12:39
Last Modified: 28 Jul 2017 12:40
URI: http://arro.anglia.ac.uk/id/eprint/701996

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