Differential integrin activity mediated by platelet collagen receptor engagement under flow conditions

Pugh, Nicholas and Maddox, Ben and Bihan, Dominique and Taylor, Kirk A. and Mahaut-Smith, martyn and Farndale, Richard W. (2017) Differential integrin activity mediated by platelet collagen receptor engagement under flow conditions. Thrombosis and Hemoastasis. ISSN 0340-6245

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Official URL: https://doi.org/10.1160/TH16-12-0906

Abstract

The platelet receptors glycoprotein (Gp)VI, integrin a2b1 and GpIb/V/IX mediate platelet adhesion and activation during thrombogenesis. Increases of intracellular Ca2+ ([Ca2+]i) are key signals during platelet activation, however their relative importance in coupling different collagen receptors to functional responses under shear conditions remains unclear. To study shear-dependent, receptor-specific platelet responses, we used collagen or combinations of receptor-specific collagen-mimetic peptides as substrates for platelet adhesion and activation in whole human blood under arterial flow conditions and compared real-time and endpoint parameters of thrombus formation alongside [Ca2+]i measurements using confocal imaging. All three collagen receptors coupled to [Ca2+]i signals, but these varied in amplitude and temporal pattern alongside variable integrin activation. GpVI engagement produced large, sustained [Ca2+]i signals leading to real-time increases in integrins 21- and IIb3-mediated platelet adhesion. IIb3-dependent platelet aggregation was dependent on P2Y12 signalling. Co-engagement of 21 and GpIb/V/IX generated transient [Ca2+]i spikes and low amplitude [Ca2+]i responses that potentiated GpVI-dependent [Ca2+]i signalling. Therefore 21, GpIb/V/IX and GpVI synergize to generate [Ca2+]i signals that regulate platelet behaviour and thrombus formation. Antagonism of secondary signalling pathways reveals distinct, seperate separate roles for IIb3 in stable platelet adhesion and aggregation.

Item Type: Journal Article
Keywords: platelets, thrombosis
Faculty: Faculty of Science & Technology
Depositing User: Dr Nicholas Pugh
Date Deposited: 06 Jun 2017 10:17
Last Modified: 06 Jun 2017 10:18
URI: http://arro.anglia.ac.uk/id/eprint/701786

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