Environmental Enrichment in Kennelled Pit Bull Terriers (Canis lupus familiaris)

Kiddie, Jenna and Bodymore, Anna and Alex, Dittrich (2017) Environmental Enrichment in Kennelled Pit Bull Terriers (Canis lupus familiaris). Animals, 7 (4). p. 27. ISSN 2076-2615

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Official URL: http://www.mdpi.com/2076-2615/7/4/27

Abstract

Although social enrichment can be considered beneficial in helping dogs cope with the kennel environment, when taking individual needs into account, it places a large demand on the carers and may not be appropriate in under-resourced kennels. Some kennels are also designed in such a way that there is too much social interaction, in that individuals cannot choose to distance themselves from conspecifics. This study therefore aimed to assess the effects of easily accessible enrichment on the behaviour of kennelled Pit Bull Terrier type dogs rescued from a dog-fighting ring in the Philippines. Thirty-six dogs were allocated to one of three treatment groups following a matched-subject design: (i) cardboard bed provision; (ii) coconut provision; and (iii) visual contact with dogs housed in adjacent cages obstructed with cardboard partitions. Behavioural diversity and the duration and frequency of individual behaviours were analysed using linear mixed-effect models. Yawning frequencies and time spent lying down and sitting decreased during treatment. No particular treatment was more influential in these behavioural changes. In conclusion, enrichment, regardless of type, affected the dogs’ behaviour, with some effects depending on the sex of the dogs. Therefore, it is possible to cheaply and sustainably enrich the lives of dogs living in highly constrained environments, however, further research is required to refine the methods used.

Item Type: Journal Article
Keywords: Pit Bull Terrier, do shelter welfare, environmental enrichment
Faculty: Faculty of Science & Technology
Depositing User: Unnamed user with email jenna.kiddie@anglia.ac.uk
Date Deposited: 03 Apr 2017 08:14
Last Modified: 03 Apr 2017 08:14
URI: http://arro.anglia.ac.uk/id/eprint/701616

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