Sexual orientation discrimination in the United Kingdom’s labour market: A field experiment

Drydakis, Nick (2015) Sexual orientation discrimination in the United Kingdom’s labour market: A field experiment. Human Relations, 68 (11). pp. 1769-1796. ISSN 1741-282X

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Official URL: http://journals.sagepub.com/doi/abs/10.1177/001872...

Abstract

Deviations from heteronormativity affect labour market dynamics. Hierarchies of sexual orientation can result in job dismissals, wage discrimination and the failure to promote gay and lesbian individuals to top ranks. In this article, I report on a field experiment (144 jobseekers and their correspondence with 5549 firms) that tested the extent to which sexual orientation affects the labour market outcomes of gay and lesbian job-seekers in the United Kingdom. Their minority sexual orientations, as indicated by job-seekers’ participation in gay and lesbian university student unions, negatively affected their workplace prospects. The probability of gay or lesbian applicants receiving an invitation for an interview was 5.0 percent (5.1%) lower than that for heterosexual male or female applicants. In addition, gay men and lesbians received invitations for interviews by firms that paid salaries that were 1.9 percent (1.2%) lower than those paid by firms that invited heterosexual male or female applicants for interviews. In addition, in male- or female-dominated occupations, gay men and lesbians received fewer invitations for interviews than their non-gay and nonlesbian counterparts. Furthermore, gay men and lesbians also received fewer invitations to interview for positions in which masculine or feminine personality traits were highlighted in job applications and at firms that did not provide written equal opportunity standards, suggesting that the level of discrimination depends partly on the personality traits that employers seek and on organization-level hiring policies. I conclude that heteronormative discourse continues to reproduce and negatively affect the labour market prospects of gay men and lesbians.

Item Type: Journal Article
Keywords: Field experiment, Sexual orientation, Wages
Faculty: Lord Ashcroft International Business School
Depositing User: Unnamed user with email nick.drydakis@anglia.ac.uk
Date Deposited: 09 Feb 2017 08:16
Last Modified: 09 Feb 2017 08:30
URI: http://arro.anglia.ac.uk/id/eprint/701440

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