Impaired prospective memory but intact episodic memory in intellectually average 7- to 9-year-olds born very preterm and/or very low birth weight

Ford, Ruth M. and Griffiths, Sarah and Neulinger, Kerryn and Andrews, Glenda and Shum, David H.K. and Gray, Peter H. (2016) Impaired prospective memory but intact episodic memory in intellectually average 7- to 9-year-olds born very preterm and/or very low birth weight. Child Neuropsychology. ISSN 0929-7049 (Print) 1744-4136 (Online) (Accepted)

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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/09297049.2016.1216091

Abstract

Relatively little is known about episodic memory (EM: memory for personally-experienced events) and prospective memory (PM: memory for intended actions) in children born very preterm (VP)or with very low birth weight (VLBW). This study evaluates EM and PM in mainstream-schooled 7- to 9-year-olds born VP (≤ 32 weeks)and/or VLBW (< 1500 g) and matches full-term children for comparison(n = 35 and n = 37, respectively). Additionally, participants were assessed for verbal and non-verbal ability, executive function (EF), and theory of mind (ToM). The results show that the VP/VLBW children were outperformed by the full-term children on the memory tests overall, with a significant univariate group difference in PM. Moreover, within the VP/VLBW group, the measures of PM, verbal ability and working memory all displayed reliable negative correlations with severity of neonatal illness. PM was found to be independent of EM and cognitive functioning, suggesting that this form of memory might constitute a domain of specific vulnerability for VP/VLBW children.

Item Type: Journal Article
Keywords: Preterm children, Preterm birth, Very low birth weight, Episodic memory, Prospective memory
Faculty: Faculty of Science & Technology
Depositing User: Unnamed user with email ruth.ford@anglia.ac.uk
Date Deposited: 25 Aug 2016 12:40
Last Modified: 25 Aug 2016 12:44
URI: http://arro.anglia.ac.uk/id/eprint/700754

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