Being watched: the effect of social self-focus on interoceptive and exteroceptive somatosensory perception.

Durlik, Caroline and Cardini, Flavia and Tsakiris, Manos (2014) Being watched: the effect of social self-focus on interoceptive and exteroceptive somatosensory perception. Consciousness and cognition. ISSN 1090-2376

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Abstract

We become aware of our bodies interoceptively, by processing signals arising from within the body, and exteroceptively, by processing signals arising on or outside the body. Recent research highlights the importance of the interaction of exteroceptive and interoceptive signals in modulating bodily self-consciousness. The current study investigated the effect of social self-focus, manipulated via a video camera that was facing the participants and that was either switched on or off, on interoceptive sensitivity (using a heartbeat perception task) and on tactile perception (using the Somatic Signal Detection Task (SSDT)). The results indicated a significant effect of self-focus on SSDT performance, but not on interoception. SSDT performance was not moderated by interoceptive sensitivity, although interoceptive sensitivity scores were positively correlated with false alarms, independently of self-focus. Together with previous research, our results suggest that self-focus may exert different effects on body perception depending on its mode (private versus social). While interoception has been previously shown to be enhanced by private self-focus, the current study failed to find an effect of social self-focus on interoceptive sensitivity, instead demonstrating that social self-focus improves exteroceptive somatosensory processing.

Item Type: Journal Article
Additional Information: Citation: Durlik, C., Cardini, F. and Tsakiris, M., 2014. Being watched: The effect of social self-focus on interoceptive and exteroceptive somatosensory perception. Consciousness and cognition, 25, pp.42-50.
Faculty: Faculty of Science & Technology
Depositing User: Mr I Walker
Date Deposited: 19 Apr 2016 10:16
Last Modified: 04 Nov 2016 13:56
URI: http://arro.anglia.ac.uk/id/eprint/605829

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