The impact of extrafoveal information on visual short-term memory for object position

Sapkota, Raju P. and Pardhan, Shahina and van der Linde, Ian (2011) The impact of extrafoveal information on visual short-term memory for object position. Journal of Cognitive Psychology, 23 (5). pp. 574-585. ISSN 2044-592X

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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/20445911.2011.553597

Abstract

The role of extrafoveal information in visual short-term memory has been investigated relatively little, and, in most existing studies, using verbalisable stimuli susceptible to the recruitment of long-term memory (LTM). In addition, little is known about the impact of extrafoveal information available pre- and post-target foveation, as it is typical to provide extrafoveal information prior to the foveation of memory targets. In this study, two object-position recognition experiments were conducted (each with two conditions) to establish the impact of extrafoveal information provided before and after the foveation of memory targets. Stimuli comprised 1/f noise discs that minimised the recruitment of LTM by eliminating verbal and semantic cues. Overall, a greater hit rate was found where extrafoveal information was available; however, performance analyses in which extrafoveal information was considered relative to the temporal lag at which target stimuli were foveated reveals both costs and benefits. A beneficial effect arose only where extrafoveal information was provided after the target had been foveated, but not prior to target foveation. Findings are discussed in terms of recency and extrafoveal perception effects, incorporating a post-foveation object-file refresh mechanism.

Item Type: Journal Article
Keywords: visual short-term memory
Faculty: Faculty of Science & Technology
Depositing User: Repository Admin
Date Deposited: 03 Mar 2014 13:41
Last Modified: 17 Oct 2017 14:20
URI: http://arro.anglia.ac.uk/id/eprint/313587

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