Simultaneous detection of controlled substances in waste water

Mwenesongole, Ellen M. and Gautam, Lata and Hall, Sarah W. and Waterhouse, John W. and Cole, Michael D. (2013) Simultaneous detection of controlled substances in waste water. Analytical Methods. ISSN 1759-9679

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Abstract

This study presents a method of simultaneous detection of both traditional and newly emerged drugs of abuse in wastewater. The method is based on solid phase extraction and gas chromatography-mass spectrometry analysis. This analytical method separates 25 drugs from different classes including amphetamines, cathinones, tropane alkaloids, piperazines plus ketamine, amitriptyline, diazepam and morphine. In addition, newer compounds (methcathinone, mephedrone, butylone), and isomers (1-(2-methoxyphenyl) piperazine, 1-(4-methoxyphenyl) piperazine; 1-(2-flurophenyl) piperazine, 1-(4-flurophenyl) piperazine; 1-(3-trifluoromethylphenyl) piperazine, 1-(4-trifluoromethylphenyl) piperazine) have been separated, with greater sensitivity (×100 order of magnitude). This work reports the detection of butylone, mephedrone, 1-(4-methoxyphenyl) piperazine, 1-(2-flurophenyl) piperazine and 1-methyl-4-benzylpiperazine for the first time in waste water. This suggests that with changes in drug use patterns, constant monitoring of waste water entering treatment plants should be carried out and treatment processes need to be put in place for their removal.

Item Type: Journal Article
Additional Information: Citation: Mwenesongole, E.M., Gautam, L., Hall, S.W., Waterhouse, J.W. and Cole, M.D., 2013. Simultaneous detection of controlled substances in waste water. Analytical Methods, 5(13), pp.3248-3254..
Faculty: Faculty of Science & Technology
Depositing User: Mr I Walker
Date Deposited: 05 Nov 2013 12:08
Last Modified: 07 Jul 2016 12:51
URI: http://arro.anglia.ac.uk/id/eprint/304972

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