Factors influencing self-reported vision-related activity limitation in the visually impaired

Tabrett, Daryl R. and Latham, Keziah (2011) Factors influencing self-reported vision-related activity limitation in the visually impaired. Investigative Ophthalmology & Visual Science. ISSN 0146-0404

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Abstract

Purpose. The use of patient reported outcome (PRO) measures to assess self-reported difficulty in visual activities is common in patients with impaired vision. This study determines the visual and psychosocial factors influencing patients' responses to self-report measures, in order to understand what is being measured. Methods. One hundred visually impaired participants completed the Activity Inventory (AI), which assesses self-reported vision-related activity limitation (VRAL) in the task domains of reading, mobility, visual information and visual motor tasks. Participants also completed clinical tests of visual function (distance visual acuity and near reading performance both with and without low vision aids (LVAs), contrast sensitivity, visual fields and depth discrimination), and questionnaires assessing depressive symptoms, social support, adjustment to visual loss and personality. Results. Multiple regression analyses identified that an acuity measure (distance or near), and to a lesser extent near reading performance without LVAs, visual fields and contrast sensitivity best explained self-reported VRAL (28-50% variance explained). Significant psychosocial correlates were depression and adjustment, explaining an additional 6-19% unique variance. Dependent on task domain, the parameters assessed explained 59-71% of the variance in self-reported VRAL. Conclusions. Visual function, most notably acuity without LVAs, is the best predictor of self-reported VRAL assessed by the AI. Depression and adjustment to visual loss also significantly influence self-reported VRAL, largely independent of the severity of visual loss, and most notably in less vision specific tasks. The results suggest that rehabilitation strategies addressing depression and adjustment could improve perceived visual disability.

Item Type: Journal Article
Additional Information: Citation: Tabrett, D.R. and Latham, K., 2011. Factors influencing self-reported vision-related activity limitation in the visually impaired. Investigative Ophthalmology & Visual Science, 52(8), pp.5293-5302..
Faculty: Faculty of Science & Technology
Depositing User: Mr I Walker
Date Deposited: 10 Jul 2013 15:25
Last Modified: 07 Jul 2016 12:51
URI: http://arro.anglia.ac.uk/id/eprint/295674

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