Ageing and entrepreneurial preferences

Kautonen, Teemu and Down, Simon and Minniti, Maria (2013) Ageing and entrepreneurial preferences. Small Business Economics. ISSN 0921-898X

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Abstract

Previous research on age and entrepreneurship assumed homogeneity and downplayed age-related differences in the motives and aims underlying enterprising behaviour. We argue that the heterogeneity of entrepreneurship influences how the level of entrepreneurial activity varies with age. Using a sample of 2566 respondents from 27 European countries we show that entrepreneurial activity increases almost linearly with age for individuals who prefer to only employ themselves (self-employers), whereas it increases up to a critical threshold age (late 40s) and decreases thereafter for those who aspire to hire workers (owner-managers). Age has a considerably smaller effect on entrepreneurial behaviour for those who do not prefer self-employment but are pushed into it by lack of alternative employment opportunities (reluctant entrepreneurs). Our results question the conventional wisdom that entrepreneurial activity declines with age and suggest that effective responses to demographic changes require policy makers to pay close attention to the heterogeneity of entrepreneurial preferences.

Item Type: Journal Article
Additional Information: Citation: Kautonen, T., Down, S. and Minniti, M., 2013. Ageing and entrepreneurial preferences. Small Business Economics [online], Available at: <http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11187-013-9489-5> [Accessed 28 May 2013]..
Faculty: Lord Ashcroft International Business School
Depositing User: Mr I Walker
Date Deposited: 28 May 2013 12:40
Last Modified: 07 Jul 2016 12:50
URI: http://arro.anglia.ac.uk/id/eprint/292890

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